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Gender-based Asylum Claims

Official Reports 

U.S. Department of Justice, Considerations for Asylum Officers Adjudicating Asylum Claims From Women, memorandum from Phyllis Coven, Office of International Affairs (May 26, 1995)

Human Rights Council Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences, Yakin Ertürk

Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report for Congress – United Nations System Efforts to Address Violence Against Women 

CRS Report for Congress – International Violence Against Women: U.S. Response and Policy Issues

UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection: “Membership of a particular social group” within the context of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention and/or its 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees

United Nations Guidelines on Prevention and Response to Gender Based Violence

Scholarly Articles 

Challenges Facing LGBT Asylum-Seekers: The Role of Social Work in Correcting Oppressive Immigration Processes

Protected Characteristics and Social Perceptions: AN Analysis of ‘Membership of a Particular Social Group’

Uncharted Territory: Choosing an Effective Approach in Transgender-Based Asylum Claims

Opening the Doors of Immigration: Sexual Orientation and Asylum in the United States

Domestic Violence and U.S. Asylum Law: Eliminating the “Cultural Hook” for Claims Involving Gender-Related Persecution

Gender-Based Persecution and Political Asylum: The International Debate for Equality Begins

Gender-Based Persecution and Political Asylum: The International Debate for Equality Begins

News Articles 

The Women’s Crusade

Gay Asylum Petitions Grow

Gay Filipino professor wins political asylum after revealing a 30-year secret of sexual abuse

New Policy Permits Asylum for Battered Women


Gender Related Asylum Fact Sheet 

Violence against Women Fact Sheet 

What do we mean by “sex” and “gender?”

What is “gender mainstreaming?”

Why gender and health?

Gender Guidelines, United States 

LGBT Asylum Cases 

Background on Gender & Asylum Issues

LGBT/HIV Asylum Manual 

Sexual Orientation and Immigration: The Basics 

Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings

Legislation on Female Genital Mutilation in the United States